5 Fun Facts about Regency England that May Surprise You

by Donna Hatch

1.       It was not scandalous for ladies to show their ankles during the Regency Era. A number of Regency fashion plates and caricatures depict ladies revealing silk stocking-clad ankles and low-cut slippers, which were much like todays ballerina flat, while dancing, sitting, and walking. During the Victorian Era, shoe fashions changed from slippers to the Victorian boot. This happened about the same time that hemlines lowered and skirts widened. In addition to the Victorians following their monarch’s example of becoming exceedingly prudish, it eventually became scandalous for ladies to show ankles. However, during the Regency, it really was no big deal for ladies to hold up their narrow skirts to avoid a mud puddle or to allow greater freedom of movement to walk quickly, thus exposing ankles. Fun fact: It was, however, scandalous to say “legs.” Apparently “limbs” was the more accepted word in polite company.

2.       A dance set at the ball included two dances, not just one. When a gentleman asked a lady to “stand up with him” they were committed to 20 to 30 minutes together. Of course, country dances were all the rage which allowed couples to change partners frequently during the course of the dance, so they weren’t truly “stuck” together much. This practice of dancing sets of two is partly why a gentleman seldom asked a lady for two dances, meaning two dance sets, and never three unless they were engaged, because it basically tied them up together for most of the evening, giving little opportunity for other partnering.

Drury Lane Theatre

3.       An evening at the theatre lasted most of the night. The main production was the play. However, after the main event, the theatre performed a light “afterpiece” – usually a comedy in the form of a pantomime or one-act play. A few theaters performed one short production prior to the main performance as well so there might be as many as three performances. With all these performances and intermissions, one expected to be at a London theater half of the night. Some patrons came and went, but many stayed all night, I suspect to people-watch rather than to enjoy the arts.

                      Evening Gown 1819

4.        A fashionable lady’s unmentionables did not include drawers or pantalettes. With the narrow, slender gowns fashionable during the Regency resembling statues dating back to ancient Rome, bulky drawers with drawstring waists would have messed up the silhouettes of ladies’ gowns. Also, I have not found evidence that ladies wore pantalettes during previous eras either. The only women who wore drawers or pantalettes during Georgian and Regency England were prostitutes who wore them underneath their slitted skirts. Ahem. And that’s all I care to say regarding the matter. During the Victorian Era, ladies began wearing drawers or pantalettes underneath their wide bell-shape skirts, possibly to preserve modesty should the skirt accidentally tip upwards too far. Oh my! Later, this garment was also known as “pantaloons,” however Georgian and Regency pantaloons were men’s knee-length breeches.

Yours truly modeling my shift and stays.

5.       It is a common myth that Regency ladies often fainted because their corsets were too tight. First of all, ladies during the Regency wore stays, not corsets. The difference is the shape and boning. Previous era corsets were made to cinch the waist. Regency stays, much more flexible and comfortable, were made to smooth and support. I’ve worn a corset and it is possible to feel truly uncomfortable if it is cinched up way too tightly. I even got a small bruise on my lowest rib on one side from having it laced tighter than it should have. What can I say? It was steam punk party and I wore it tighter than I would have it I’d planned to wear it all day. But I digress. I have also worn authentic Regency stays and they are so comfortable and well fitting that if they were easier to get into and out of (where’s my maid when I need her?), I would wear them every day.

My stays are a little too big as you can see since there is supposed to be a two or three-inch gap between the two sides, but one cannot fault my seamstress; I lost weight between my first and final fittings. I cannot, therefore, be unhappy about it.

I hope you enjoyed my fun facts. Comments and questions are welcome!

Gifts for the Regency Geek

This year, I put together a wish list of totally impractical items I’d love to have for Christmas–you know the kind–not a KitchenAid mixer or a new pair of shoes, although I’d love to have those, too. Sometimes it’s fun to get personal, frivolous items that I don’t “need.” Here are some geeky gifts I’d love to have.

This first selection is of hatpins. Ladies wore these to keep their hats from blowing away. Many bonnets tied under the chin, but some of the more decorative hats required pins such as these to keep them in place. You thread these hat pins through the hat and your hair. I have a couple of hats that would look lovely with any of these. I’m partial to the pearl-style hat pins shown here.

The cameo was a popular piece of jewellry for many years in Britain and saw an increase in popularity during King George III’s reign. It was still a preferred adornment during the Regency. I could wear any of these with most of my outfits but the blue is my favorite.

This charm is reminiscent of the quills and inkwells used during the Regency before the invention of the fountain pen. This one has a silhouette of Jane Austen on the inkwell. People had to carefully sharpen the ends of the quills to use them, which required patience and skill. And however did they learn not to dribble ink all over their parchment? After writing, the ink had to be sanded — sand was sprinkled all over the paper then carefully blown or poured off. Sand could be reused.

Here is a pattern of Regency underthings. In my quest to put together a completely authentic Regency ensemble, I’m in need of a pattern for a slip-like garment which they called a chemise, or shift, or chemisette during the Regency. This pattern looks as authentic as any I’ve seen, although the sleeves don’t need to be that long. Shifts were generally made out of a linen or cotton and were also often worn as sleepwear. Since the washing procedures were so harsh, undergarments had to be replaced often. Also shown are “short stays.” Normally only the poorer classes wore these because they didn’t give quite as nice of a silhouette but they are practical because they easily tie in front, unlike long stays which were tied in back.

Lastly, hat wardrobe would not be complete without a parasol such as this one? Parasols were a vital part of a lady’s ensemble when she went out of doors to keep her complexion creamy and un-freckled. Even a hat or bonnet was not always perfect protection from the elements. Besides, being lovely and functional, they could also be a great way to hide one’s face when the occasion calls for it.

Gloves are essential to a Regency lady’s ensemble as well–probably more so than the parasol. However, I have a pair of gloves (not authentic but they work) so they aren’t on my wish list.  Although, I saw some pretty lace gloves I’d love to have. And I’ve always wanted to try a pair of “kid” gloves. Sigh. A costume geek’s work is never done.

What did you see that you’d love to receive as a gift?



I found these fun gifts at the Jane Austen Centre Gift Shop

Historical Accuracy–How Important is it?

BooksMost readers believe whatever the author tells them about their characters and their worlds. Since fiction comes straight from the author’s imagination, this is usually just fine. However, when an author writes a book that takes place in a real setting, it’s a game changer. Imagine if your entire knowledge about a particular place, such as Hawaii, comes from a novel. Then you visit Hawaii expecting to find it very similar to what you read, but it turns out that the volcano you expected to see was not on the island where the author said it was. Or that there was no waterfall at the end of a specific hike. Wouldn’t you be disappointed? Maybe a little angry?

The same is true for historical novels. Now, don’t get me wrong, I’m not suggesting you can read about a Medieval castle, and then jump into your time machine to visit that Medieval castle to see how accurate the author’s description was. However, historical accuracy is important because it creates a solid belief system within readers.

There are a number of plot points and historical details that frequently turn up in Regency romances, and I’d like to set the record straight. I’ve been researching the Regency Era for 12 years, and while I certainly do not know everything about the era Jane Austen made so famous, which is why I’m friends with lots of other Regency researchers willing to share their vast knowledge, I continually strive for historical accuracy as much as possible and have uncovered some basic plot points that I still sometimes see in historical fiction.

Here are common Regency historical errors and the truth about them:

  1. a lady and two gentlemenAn illegitimate son (or daughter) could never be “legitimized” nor could he inherit a title. This also applies to the idea that a lord could simply name his heir. No titled lord, no matter how much he wishes it, could give his title and entailed estate to someone other than his legal heir. Period. Only the king could bestow a new title.
  2. A titled lord could not disinherit his son or his legal heir. As in the first example, titles could only be passed to legitimate heirs. The only exception would be if the heir were mentally unfit, meaning he was insane, and it took an act of parliament to change the heir apparent (or the heir presumptive). Also, most property was entailed unless someone had been particularly negligent. It, too, could only be passed to a legitimate heir. Now, wills were another matter. Money and un-entailed property could be willed to anyone as long as the will was a legal document. Someone could also be left out of a will.
  3. Marriages could not be annulled simply by failure to consummate. Annulments were messy, difficult, expensive, outrageously scandalous, and could only happen under extenuating circumstances. Did I mention it was scandalous? Both of their reputations would be destroyed and they probably not would ever be accepted in polite society. The husband might recover socially (eventually–if he were rich enough and desirable enough), unless the marriage was annulled by reason of him being declared impotent, but the wife never would recover socially since it would have to be proven that she’d been unfaithful to him.
  4. Maids and footmen were not acceptable chaperons. They could be too easily sent away or bullied or bribed. The only acceptable chaperon for a young lady was her mother, a respectable married lady, or a paid companion of mature years. No unmarried lady of gentle breeding ever went about London alone or in the companion of a maid, or even with an army of maids, without inviting scandal. The rules grew a bit more lax in the country, but it was still best to have a legitimate chaperon to protect a young lady’s reputation.
  5. No proper young lady ever danced with a gentleman more than two dances in a row unless she regency ball drawing room (2)wanted to be labeled “fast” or wanted to announce her engagement to the gentleman in question. One dance with any given gentleman who asked her was expected, two dances was an announcement for a decided preference for that gentleman, three dances invited gossip and scandal unless they were already engaged to be married.
  6. Dance Cards were not in use during the Regency. They came into popularity during the Victorian Era, which came after the Regency. No dance card is mentioned by Jane Austen, and no known dance card has been found with a Regency date.
  7. It was not scandalous to show one’s ankles during the Regency. Hemlines were generally ankle-length, and dancing slippers were small, like the modern-day ballet slipper, although some had a small heel. (check out my Pinterest board for picture of Regency shoes and accessories). During the Victorian Era, hemlines dropped, skirts widened, and shoes became boots which covered the ankles. It is during this Era that it became immodest to show one’s ankles.
  8. 179114_411185115585451_1139554877_nIt was not cool or tough for ladies to ride astride. Little girls learned to ride astride, and when they were skilled enough, they learned to ride side-saddle. Riding sidesaddle was a commendable and enviable accomplishment which showed off her grace, skill, and class. Truly skilled horsewomen could gallop right along with the men. A woman riding astride was either declaring her incompetence or that she was un-lady-like, low-born, and juvenile.
  9. Ladies during the Regency did not wear restrictive corsets. They wore stays, which were much more flexible and comfortable than the corsets of the Georgian and Victorian Eras. Stays were supportive like a bra and helped create a smooth line over the abdomen and waist, but not terribly restrictive. This was due to the change in fashions toward gowns with a high, empire waist to help create a soft, flowing silhouette reminiscent of the Greek gowns seen in paintings and statues (those which showed models dressed, that is).
  10. Ladies did not wear pantaloons or layers and layers petticoats under their gowns. They wore a shift (called a chemise in earlier eras) which was a calf-length, slip-like garment usually made of very soft linen. Over that, they wore stays. Some sources claim that a single, think petticoat could be worn under certain gowns, but it seemed rare.  The only other undergarments were stockings held up by garters. Ladies wore nothing else underneath their gowns. During the Regency, only prostitutes wore any kind of what we now consider underwear.
  11. Introductions were done by the person of lowest rank being introduced to the person of highest rank. The exception was that gentlemen were introduced to ladies. So if a lord and a lady were introduced, the person making introductions would turn to the lady, and say something like, “May I introduced Lord Tarrington? My lord, may I introduce Miss Fairley?”

I hope this helps clear up some common misconceptions. No one is perfect, and if a story is well enough written, flaws can be overlooked, but it’s always preferable to seek historical accuracy whenever possible.

Happy reading!